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Difficult airway management in pregnancy

Difficult airway management during pregnancy is a life-threatening situation not only for the mother but also for the fetus. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the risk of difficult airway management is ten times higher compared to the non-pregnant population. Therefore, difficult airway management should be recognised in time, it’s important to proceed quickly and to achieve adequate ventilation, otherwise there are serious consequences such as hypoxic brain injury, fetal or maternal death. This algorithm will give you a chance to deal with two situations of difficult airway management. We use different muscle relaxants in each situation.

Author: Petr Štourač, Marta Juřeníková, Olga Půčková, Ekaterina Fedyukina

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Keywords: difficult airway management | pregnancy | sugammadex

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Difficult airway management during pregnancy is a life-threatening situation not only for the mother but also for the fetus. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the risk of difficult airway management is ten times higher compared to the non-pregnant population. Therefore, difficult airway management should be recognised in time, it’s important to proceed quickly and to achieve adequate ventilation, otherwise there are serious consequences such as hypoxic brain injury, fetal or maternal death. This algorithm will give you a chance to deal with two situations of difficult airway management. We use different muscle relaxants in each situation.


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Review

The risk of difficult airway management is a cause for legitimate concern for any anesthesiologist. In the case of pregnancy, these concerns are doubled, as not only the life and health of the pregnant woman is in danger but also the fetus` ones is. Therefore it is more than appropriate that any anesthesiologist should routinely and reliably perform urgent airway management in pregnancy. This algorithm offers us a real situation where it is necessary to act correctly and quickly to ensure maximal safety during airway management of a pregnant patient undergoing acute or urgent surgery. The algorithm guides us through a point by point decision-making process for a certain patient and, in a well-arranged and simple form, allows us to repeat and check the correctness of the basic procedures that we use in everyday practice.

publikováno: 8.5.2020 | last modified on: 1.6.2020