Mushroom Poisoning

Author: Marek Kovář, MD, Jan Filip Sýkora, MD, Kateřina Bochníčková, Eva Urbánková

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Keywords: Poisoning | mushrooms | syndromes | Amanita phalloides | Amanita pantherina | Satan's bolete

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Mushroom picking is one of the favorite ways of spending free time in the Czech Republic. Unfortunately, since not everyone in this country happens to be a mycologist there are many cases of fungal poisoning every year. Poisoning can occur in a variety of ways, ranging from banal nausea requiring medical treatment through excessive vomiting and diarrhea to severe organ failure. This condition, without timely and intensive care might lead to patient's death.
In this algorithm you will diagnose and then adequately treat poisoning with different types of fungi. We have three scenarios prepared, how many you go through depends on you.

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Therapeutic management in the Algorithm Mushroom Poisoning is adequate. Approximately all therapeutic approaches including a pharmacotherapy with antidotes, could have been debated since none of these have sufficient "evidence". The most important is a quick medical response, in the meaning of early elimination and gastrointestinal decontamination, also keeping the internal environment and farmakotherapy. Everything has been described in this algorithm.

publikováno: 3. 7. 2018 | last modified on: 11. 12. 2018