Acid-base balance

Author: MUDr. Elena Krátka, Vlastimil Koziel, Daniela Hahnová

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Keywords: blood gases | pulmonary embolism | acidosis | alkalosis

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Acid base balance is dynamic balance between the formation and elimination of sour and alkaline substances in organism. It is regulated very accurately which is necessary for the right course of a range of metabolic pathways and physiological processes. Disorders of acid base balance are always a complex problem where the whole internal environment of the patient is changing. The ability of timely recognition and of proper solution of those deviations is absolutely radical in clinical practice. Our algorithm is going to show you how to go about it.

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Interactive algorithm „Acid-base balance“ demonstrates a combined acid-base balance disorder practically and illustratively using an example of patient suffering from pulmonary embolism. There is a diagnostic part which respects a common process from physical and imaging examination till basic laboratory paramethers and calculation. Algorithm incorporates therapeutic comments in an appropriate way. All that without going into useless theoretical details. As a result algorithm is easily understandable but complex learning device, which can make many students experience a feeling „I understand it after all“.

publikováno: 25. 6. 2014 | last modified on: 13. 9. 2019