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Acute coronary syndrome - 2018

Acute coronary syndrome (ACM) is one of the most frequent causes of death in our population. Common risk factors such as bad eating habits, obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and smoking are responsible for its development. This algorithm aims at right diagnostics of ACM as well as STEMI and non-STEMI differentiation which is necessary for the right choice of treatment.

Author: Marie Pavlušová, MD, Kočí Daniela, Kořínková Martina

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Keywords: ACS | STEMI | NSTEMI | myocardial infarction

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Acute coronary syndrome (ACM) is one of the most frequent causes of death in our population. Common risk factors such as bad eating habits, obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and smoking are responsible for its development. This algorithm aims at right diagnostics of ACM as well as STEMI and non-STEMI differentiation which is necessary for the right choice of treatment.


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Review

The interactive educational algorithm "Acute Coronary Syndrome" presents the case of a patient with chest pain; from first contact with a GP, through treatment of acute coronary syndrome in the cardiac center to a recommendation for long-term treatment.

Different variants of acute coronary syndrome are presented, as are some of their common complications. The treatment procedures and the most common mistakes are detailed.

In the case of chest pain, precise differential diagnosis based on the patient’s risk profile is required.
When acute coronary syndrome is suspected, complex pharmacotherapy, rapid implementation of interventional treatment, and consistent monitoring for imminent complications are essential.
 

publikováno: 1.6.2018 | last modified on: 1.6.2018