Malignant Hyperthermia - 2020

Author: Martina Klincová, Dagmar Štěpánková, Petra Kostroňová, Pavlína Kotrhová

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Keywords: malignant hyperthermia | hypercapnia | dantrolen | in vitro contracture test | trigger-free anaesthesia

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Malignant hyperthermia is a rare, life-threatening disease that is charactarized by pathologic hypermetabolic state in muscular tissues that is triggered by specific anaesthetic agents. Firstly, our educational algorithm will lead you step by step through a situation with unexpected case of MH during surgery, show you how to remain calm, assess the situation and save the patient's life. The other part of the algorithm is dedicated to anaesthetic care of a patient who can have genetic predisposition for delevoping MH. It is crucial to prepare your workplace and medical staff for the specifics of anaesthesiological management of this patient and the possibility of further complications. Last but not least, you will learn about means of diagnostics of MH in the Czech Republic.

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The MH algorithm published by is interactive, informative, educational and appropriately lighthearted. Options can lead to burying the patient, reviewing why an answer is incorrect, or successfully answering the posed question. At all points, information is imparted to the reader which is both relevant and appropriate to the level of understanding of the target audience. It is a well-considered and executed series of scenarios which gives the reader a flavour of the intricacies of Malignant Hyperthermia, as well as educating them on how to diagnose, treat and prevent further recurrences. Overall, an excellent learning tool that fulfils the education requirements of its target audience.

publikováno: 8. 5. 2020 | last modified on: 20. 1. 2021