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Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition in which the main artery of the lung or one of its branches is blocked by a substance that is most commonly a blood clot. The blood clot is formed mainly in the deep veins of the legs or pelvis. Embolization is then the process of breaking off the thrombus from its origin and migrating to the lung. There are many patients affected by this condition and often it is not recognised properly. It is very important to be able to diagnose this condition and to cure it.

Author: MUDr. Ivo Křikava, Martin Minárik, Eva Mikulčíková

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition in which the main artery of the lung or one of its branches is blocked by a substance that is most commonly a blood clot. The blood clot is formed mainly in the deep veins of the legs or pelvis. Embolization is then the process of breaking off the thrombus from its origin and migrating to the lung. There are many patients affected by this condition and often it is not recognised properly. It is very important to be able to diagnose this condition and to cure it.


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Review

Reviewer:

MUDr. Lenka Šmardová, Senior Consultant, Internal Clinic of Haematoncology, University Hospital of Brno, Czech Republic

Pulmonary embolism is one of the most common cardiovascular disease, which is usually the result of a sudden thromboembolic obstruction of the pulmonary vasculature. Its incidence in the Czech Republic is expected about 10,000 per year and untreated shows significant mortality (around 30%).
This algorithm of diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary embolism is a practical guide for physicians especially of internal medicine. A part of this case report is also the issue of causal causes of pulmonary embolism, highlighting the need for laboratory testing and clinical risk factors for this disease.

 

publikováno: 13.9.2014 | last modified on: 3.7.2018