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Acute laryngitis in children

Childhood is characterized by the occurrence of large amounts of infectious diseases, some of them even life-threatening. The occurrence of menacing acute epiglottitis in children was reduced by the introduction of vaccination against Haemofillus influenzae B and therefore it is far more frequent to encounter an obstruction of the upper airway caused by acute laryngitis. It starts suddenly from full health or follows catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. Most often occurs at night as inspiratory dyspnea with inspiratory stridor. Now you can learn how to deal with this serious clinical condition through our algorithm.

Author: MUDr. Hana Harazim, Michaela Knollová

Institution: Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University in Brno

Medical discipline: Emergency Medicine

Keywords: laryngitis | epiglotitis | pediatrics

Educational evel: Undergraduate level | Graduate

Childhood is characterized by the occurrence of large amounts of infectious diseases, some of them even life-threatening. The occurrence of menacing acute epiglottitis in children was reduced by the introduction of vaccination against Haemofillus influenzae B and therefore it is far more frequent to encounter an obstruction of the upper airway caused by acute laryngitis. It starts suddenly from full health or follows catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. Most often occurs at night as inspiratory dyspnea with inspiratory stridor. Now you can learn how to deal with this serious clinical condition through our algorithm.


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Review

Reviewer: 

MUDr. Vladimír Mixa, Ph.D., KARIM University Hospital Motol Prague

There are not many situations in pediatrics emergency as feared as acute inflammation of larynx. Any device helping doctors in this critical condition (especially those not used to work with children) is extremely valuable. The present learning algorithm "Acute laryngitis in children "is undoubtedly such a device. Convincingly describes the basic symptoms of acute laryngitis, the deterioration of status and treatment. It is useful that in several occasions the authors mentioned differential diagnosis with no less redoubtable companion of laryngitis - suffocating epiglottitis.
The algorithm also shows a distinct effort to delay urgent endotracheal intubation to standard conditions of medical devices. I am sure that everyone, who in the peace and several times passes through interactive algorithm "Acute laryngitis in children" will learn from the wrong answers and instill the proper procedures; therefore he/she will be able to handle the child patient with acute laryngitis calm and confident.

publikováno: 25.6.2014 | last modified on: 16.5.2018